Tuesday, 5 November 2013

KOLKATA- THE LAND OF ROYALTY AND ROYAL TIGERS

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KOLKATA- THE LAND OF ROYALTY AND ROYAL TIGERS

When Bankim Chandra Chatterjee composed his famous song, "Bande Mataram", over a hundred
years ago in 1882, he was in many ways epitomizing the beauty of Kolkata. Some things here are still
eternal. Like the rich culture of the state that binds the population together through its unique unity
in diversity. Like the matchless geographical variety it offers to visitors.

Kolkata is home to many industrial units operated by large public- and private-sector corporations;
major sectors include steel, heavy engineering, mining, minerals, cement, pharmaceuticals, food
processing, agriculture, electronics, textiles, and jute. ITC Limited, Coal India Limited, and Britannia
Industries rank among the companies headquartered in the city. Kolkata hosts the headquarters of
three major public-sector banks: Allahabad Bank, UCO Bank, and the United Bank of India.

FACTS & FIGURES

 Area: 88,752 sq. km

 Religion: Hindu

 Annual Rainfall: 175 cm per year

 Maximum Temperature: 40°C

 Minimum Temperature: 7°C

 Languages: Bengali, Hindi, English

 Best time to visit: October to March.

CLIMATE OF KOLKATA:

Kolkata is subject to a tropical wet-and-dry climate. The annual mean temperature is 26.8 °C (80.2 °F);
monthly mean temperatures are 19–30 °C (66–86 °F) and the weather will be pleasant in November.

SIGHT-SEEING IN KOLKATA:

Indian Museum: The Indian Museum is the largest museum in India and has rare collections of
antiques, armour and ornaments, fossils, skeletons, mummies, and Mughal paintings. It was founded
by the Asiatic Society of Bengal in Kolkata (Calcutta), India, in 1814. The founder curator was
Dr Nathaniel Wallich, a Danish botanist. It has six sections comprising thirty five galleries of cultural
and scientific artifacts namely Art, Archaeology, Anthropology, Geology, Zoology and Economic
Botany. It is one of oldest museums in the world.

Victoria Memorial Hall: The Victoria Memorial, officially the Victoria Memorial Hall, is a memorial
building dedicated to Victoria, Empress of India, which is located in Kolkata. It currently serves as a
museum and a tourist attraction. The memorial was designed by Sir William Emerson using Indo-
Saracenic style, incorporating Mughal elements in the structure. In the Royal Gallery there are oil
paintings depicting scenes of memorable events in Queen Victoria’s life.

Fort William: Fort William is a fort built in Calcutta on the Eastern banks of the River Hooghly, the
major distributary of the River Ganges, during the early years of the Bengal Presidency of British
India. It was named after King William III of England and Ireland and II of Scotland. In front of the
Fort is the Maidan, which used to be a part of the Fort and is the largest urban park in Calcutta.


Howrah Bridge: The Howrah Bridge is a cantilever bridge with a suspended span over the Hooghly
River in West Bengal, India. Commissioned in 1943, the bridge was originally named the New
Howrah Bridge, because it replaced a pontoon bridge at the same location linking the two cities
of Howrah and Kolkata (Calcutta). On 14 June 1965 it was renamed Rabindra Setu, after the
great Bengali poet Rabindranath Tagore, who was the first Indian and Asian Nobel laureate. It is still
popularly known as the Howrah Bridge. The bridge is one of four on the Hooghly River and is a
famous symbol of Kolkata and West Bengal. The third-longest cantilever bridge at the time of its
construction, the Howrah Bridge is the sixth-longest bridge of its type in the world.

Kalighat Kali Temple: Kalighat Kali Temple is a Hindu temple dedicated to the Hindu
goddess Kali. It is one of the 51 Shakti Peethas where the various parts of Sati's body are said to have
fallen, in the course of Shiva's Rudra Tandava. Kalighat represents the site where the toes of the right
foot of Dakshayani or Sati fell. Legend has it that a devotee discovered a luminant ray of light coming
from the Bhāgirathi river bed, and upon investigating its source came upon a piece of stone carved in
the form of a human toe. . Kalighat was a Ghat (landing stage) sacred to Kali on the old course of
the Hooghly river (Bhāgirathi) in the city of Calcutta.

Dakshineshwar Kali Temple: Dakshineswar Kali Temple is a Hindu temple located
in Dakshineswar near Kolkata. Situated on the eastern bank of the Hooghly River, the presiding deity
of the temple is Bhavatarini, an aspect of Kali, meaning, 'She who liberates Her devotees from the
ocean of existence’. The temple was built by Rani Rashmoni, a philanthropist and a devotee of Kali in
1855. The temple is famous for its association with Ramakrishna, a mystic of 19th Century Bengal.
Prinsep Ghat: Prinsep Ghat is a Ghat built during British Raj, along the river bank of Hooghly and
on its bank on Kolkata side. The Palladian porch in the memory of eminent orientalist James Prinsep,
famous for deciphering the inscriptions of Ashoka, was designed by W. Fitzgerald and constructed in
1843. Prinsep Ghat is one of the oldest recreational spots of Kolkata and people come here in evenings
on weekends to have stroll along the bank, with many food-stalls selling variety of road-side foods.

Belur Math: Belūr Maṭh is the headquarters of the Ramakrishna Math and Mission, founded
by Swami Vivekananda, a chief disciple of Ramakrishna Paramahamsa. It is located on the west bank
of Hooghly River and is one of the significant institutions in Calcutta. This temple is the heart of the
Ramakrishna Movement. The temple is notable for its architecture that fuses Hindu, Christian and Islamic motifs as a symbol of unity of all religions.

Eden Gardens: Eden Gardens is a cricket ground in Kolkata, India. It is the home of the Bengal
cricket team and the Indian Premier League's Kolkata Knight Riders, as well as being a venue
for Test, One Day International and Twenty20 International matches. The largest cricket stadium in
India and third-largest in the world by seating capacity, it is widely acknowledged to be one of the
most iconic cricket stadiums in India. Eden Gardens has been called "Cricket's answer to the
Colosseum".

Science City: Science City, Kolkata is the largest science centre in the Indian subcontinent. The main
sightseeing in Science City includes Earth Exploration Hall, Evolution Park, Space Odyssey, Maritime
Centre, Science Park, Science Exploration Hall, Time machine, 3-D vision theatre and etc.

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